Ramsar sites are designated under the Convention of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention 1971) which includes a list of wetlands of international importance (the ‘Ramsar List’). Each member state must recognise and preserve internationally important wetlands. Ireland has designated 45 wetlands for inclusion in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance, the majority of which are owned by the State. Lough Oughter in County Cavan (covering an area of 1,464 hectares) has been designated as a suitable wetland for inclusion in the ‘Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance’. It is recognised nationally and internationally as being of significant value not only for the Country, but for humanity as a whole.